“Glabellar complex” or “Glabella” is the name given to the area between the eyebrows where creases, both vertical and horizontal, form under the effect of the four muscles of the brows.
With time, the creases in the glabellar complex may result in the lowering of the medial aspect of the eyebrows which causes wrinkling and formation of the so-called glabella lines that extend up to the central forehead. Glabellar lines make their first appearance early in life, initially only as dynamic lines when frowning. Intense frowning of the central brow can be misinterpreted by others as a veritable frown, which usually expresses negative feeling such as concern, tiredness, disappointment, anger.
Glabellar lines tend to make people look older and angry, although their shape and angle may vary depending on the individual musculature.
About the treatment:
Weakening the four depressor muscles of the glabella by injecting botulin toxin may result in eliminating the frown lines of the glabella. An elevated eyebrow generally makes a person look more relaxed, thus conveying a positive attitude. Multiple injections of botulinum toxin type A are needed at an extent which depends on each individual anatomical features and personal requirements. The full effect is expected 10 - 14 days following injection and it decreases gradually thereafter over a few months.
procedure time: 30 to 60 minutes
back to work: immediately
the onset of action: 10 - 14 days
duration of action: results are maintained for approximately 3 - 4 months, after repeated treatment the effect can last as long as 5 - 6 months.
risk and complications: minor swelling at the injection site