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Small quantities of BoTN-A are injected into target muscles, localized chemical denervation occurs.
This temporarily reduces muscle contractions and smooths skin wrinkles in the treated area.
Botulinum toxin type A also known as Botox®, Azzalure®, Bocouture® is a protein produced by the bacterium known as Clostridium botulinum.
The effect of the toxin results in a temporary and reversible inhibition of the nerve signal (neurotransmission) consequently limiting the activity of muscles and glands controlled by the same nerves.
Botulinum toxin type A and type B are used for medical applications. The effect of the type A lasts longer than type B and it is the most commonly used in commercial applications.
Suggestions on the medical use of botulin toxin made their first appearance in the 70' in publications by Alan Scott (UK) who studied its potential application in ophthalmology.
Since then, the use of the toxin for both medical and aesthetic applications has sharply grown year-on-year, making botulinum toxin as one of the most successful medicinal products ever developed.
Patients benefit from the use of the toxin in multiple ways ranging from improving the quality of life to helping tackling medical issues (e.g. neurological, urological, pain) otherwise lacking treatment.
Novel uses in for medical, particularly dermatological, applications are regularly presented, in addition to the aesthetic uses responsible for the most recent rise in the toxin fame.
The treatment with botulinum toxin consists of repeated intramuscular injections.
The toxin is therefore injected directly in the muscles of the area of interest by tackling different crucial points.